One of the most common ailments, backpain is a serious disturbance to everyday life. The back is a complex part of the body – it is made of numerous intertwined muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, disks (the cartilage cushions to the vertebrae) and bones, all interdependent on one another. Nerves from our medulla extend down the spine to form half of the central nervous system. These nerves control voluntary and involuntary muscles along with our senses. These important nerves are protected by 33 vertebrae joined together with disks. The vertebrae – named C1 to S5 and the coccyx – are generally categorized into 3 main parts: cervical spine, thoracic spine, and lumbar spine. Other than the spine, the back also encompasses our kidneys, making it a region that contains some of the body’s most important organs. Injury to the spine or the kidney could be fatalistic.
Area affected :
- Sacral Spine Backpain
- Chronic Backpain
Sensation of Pain :
- Piercing Backpain
- Dull ache
Causes, Signs and Symptoms
Almost 85% of the time backpain has no physiological cause, but backpain can also be caused due to:
- Accidents causing fractures on the spine or sprains to the muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
- The disintegration of the disks, causing friction between the spinal segments, and pinching of nerves.
- A pinched nerve or radiculopathy.
- Infected nerves; pain that should be in another part of the body can also be re-directed to the back.
- Hormonal changes, or hormone-related diseases like Graves’ Disease.
- Osteoporosis or brittle bones can cause fractures to the spine.
- Bulging disks which can lead to extensive pressure on the nerves, and other illnesses like Sciatica.
- Arthritis, Scoliosis, Spinal Cancer, Spinal Infections, Cauda equina syndrome and Pelvic inflammatory disease are some of the bone-related diseases that cause a backpain.
- Kidney stones or kidney infections.
- Bad lifestyle habits like improper posture, sedentary activity, incorrect sleeping habits, sleep disorders, and pressure on the back.
Note: If you feel a backpain that has progressed to create numbness in your legs, weakness, fever, unexplained weight-loss, one which has occurred after an injury or fall, or doesn’t get better with time, seek medical care immediately.
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