Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular Disease_blog

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), also known as heart and circulatory disease, is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. It forms as a result of plaque buildup in the walls of the arteries, thereby narrowing the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow.

Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). Other CVDs are stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, and such. The main 4 types of CVD are:

  1. Coronary Heart Disease: Coronary heart disease occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked or reduced.
  2. Strokes and Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA): A stroke is where the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, which can cause brain damage and possibly death. In TIA or “mini-stroke” the blood flow to the brain is only temporarily disrupted.
  3. Peripheral Arterial Disease: Peripheral arterial disease occurs when there’s a blockage in the arteries to the limbs – usually the legs.
  4. Aortic disease: Aortic diseases are a group of conditions affecting the aorta. This is the largest blood vessel in the body, which carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

Risk Factors

  1. High blood pressure: High blood pressure can cause damage to your blood vessels, making it one of the primary risk factors of CVD
  2. High Cholesterol: If you have high cholesterol, it can cause your blood vessels to narrow and increase your risk of developing a blood clot.
  3. Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels, making them more likely to become narrowed. Also, many people with type 2 diabetes are also overweight or obese, which also increases the risk of CVD.
  4. Sedentary Lifestyle: If you are physically inactive, it’s more likely that you’ll have high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and be overweight. These are risk factors for CVD.
  5. Family History: If you have a family history of CVD’s, then it is more likely for you to have the same.
  6. Excessive use of alcohol and smoking

Symptoms

  1. Chest pain (angina)
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed
  4. Racing heartbeat (tachycardia) or slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
  5. Chest pain or discomfort
  6. Lightheadedness
  7. Dizziness

Prevention

Almost 90% of CVD’s can be prevented if the right lifestyle is adopted. Here are some techniques:

  1. Quit smoking.
  2. Have a healthy balanced diet including low levels of salt, saturated fats, sugar, plenty of fiber and fruits and vegetables.
  3. Maintain a healthy weight, and never stray over your adequate BMI.
  4. Exercise daily for at least 30 minutes.
  5. Cut down on alcohol.

Treatment – Hridaya vasti

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