Varicose vein, also known as varicose or varicosities, occur when your veins become enlarged, dilated, and overfilled with blood. It is caused by weakened valves and veins in your legs – Normally, all veins contain one-way valves to ensure that the blood flows towards the heart. Malfunctioning of these valves allows blood to flow back down the veins and results in an overload of pressure when standing. This excess pressure leads to widening of the veins which in turn results in valves not getting closed properly, blood then flows back into the leg and causes the varicose vein to develop.
Risk Factors of Varicose Vein
1. Age – Risk of varicose vein increases with age. Ageing causes wear and tear on the valves in the veins.
2. Gender – Women are more likely to develop the condition due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, pre-menstruation or menopause.
3. Genetics – Having family members with varicose veins, increases the risk of others developing this condition.
4. Obesity – Being overweight puts added pressure on the veins.
5. Lack of Movement – Staying in the same position for long periods prevents blood from flowing smoothly.
6. Leg Injuries – Previous blood clots or traumatic damage to the valves in your veins can weaken their ability to move blood back to the heart, increasing the risk for varicose veins.
Symptoms of Varicose Vein
- Discoloured skin in the area around the varicose vein
- Veins that appear twisted and bulging; often like cords on your legs
- An achy or heavy feeling in the legs
- Burning or throbbing sensation, and muscle cramping and swelling in the lower legs
- Worsened pain after sitting or standing for a long time
- Itching around one or more of your veins
- Skin ulcers near your ankle
Diagnosis of Varicose Vein
The varicose vein is mostly diagnosed based on an in-detail physical examination. Ultrasound test will be done to determine if the valves in the veins are functioning normally or if there’s any evidence of a blood clot.
Varicose Vein Home Treatment
There are some natural home remedies you can take to decrease the discomfort that varicose vein can cause. These same measures can also help prevent or slow the development of varicose vein, as well.
The Varicose Vein Home Treatments are
1. Slice up six garlic cloves and put them in a clean glass jar. Extract the juice from three oranges and add it to the jar. Also, add two tablespoons of olive oil. Let the mixture sit for about 12 hours. Then, massage the inflamed veins with the solution in a circular motion for 15 minutes. Wrap the area with a cotton cloth and leave it on overnight. Repeat daily for several months.
2. Finely chop the cabbage leaves and add water to make a paste. Apply this to your varicose vein affected skin area. Take a linen cloth and wrap it around the paste. Leave this for a couple of hours and then wash off. Repeat 2-3 times a day.
3. Pineapple juice is known to have effective and curative powers on the varicose vein. It has anti-inflammatory and healing powers. Drink one glass of fresh pineapple juice daily. The swelling in the veins will subside and you will get relief from the pain.
4. Being a very rich source of Vitamin C and bioflavonoids, Cayenne pepper increases blood circulation and eases the pain of congested, swollen veins. Add one teaspoon of cayenne pepper powder to a cup of hot water and stir it well. Drink this mixture three times a day for one or two months.
5. Take a teaspoon of chamomile powder and make a paste by adding a few drops of water. Apply this paste on the affected veins.
6. Take a handful of marigold petals and crush them to paste. Apply it on the veins and leave it overnight.
7. Apple Cider Vinegar is known to improve blood circulation. A simple remedy is to mix 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar into a glass of water and drink this 2 times per day. You can also – apply undiluted apple cider vinegar on the skin over the varicose vein and gently massage the area to get relief.